.

.
Handmade Greeting Cards at an affordable price

Friday, 7 August 2015

PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT: PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT BY EXCEPTION







PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT: Principles of Management by Exceptions



Management by Exceptions states that Top Levels of Management should keep itself involved with the policy strategies & decisions. The Principles of the Management by Exceptions influences on the following below given points:-


Follow the Policy of the Organization:
This principle states that the Top Levels of Management basically determines the Objectives & Policies of the organization and other levels of management must achieve these as per the instruction and expectations.

Systematic Approach:
This principle gives a systematic approach which states that all organizations needs to analyze facts & data’s, maintain the standards, collect, classify, draft and interpret reports and make decisions as per the requirements of the pre determined objectives to achieve the supposed goals. 

Self Control:
According to this principle full freedom is given to different Levels of Management in taking decision as per the requirement. This basically attempts to solve as many possible problems at their respective levels. This frees & helps the top management to involve itself with policy & guidelines formulation. 

Knowledge of Exceptions:
As per the principle Top Levels of Management should be able to understand & judge exceptional problems and activities and be prepared to give an amicable solution instantly.

Differentiate Between Routine & Exceptional Activities:
According to this principle Top Levels of Management should have clear & thorough understanding of Routine & Exceptional Activities. Proper procedure should be adopted for the execution of these activities with the help of concerned managers & management staff. It means that Exceptional Activities should be taken care by Top Levels of Management while Routine Activities by middle or lower levels of Management and subordinates.

Delegation of Authority:
This is an important principle which states that managers & subordinates should have required powers and authorities to discharge the necessary functions and duties efficiently.

Hard Labour & Discipline:
This principle states that all Levels of Management, subordinates and employees should perform hard labour in a disciplined manner in an organization.

Invite Co-partnership:
This principle states that employees of the organization must be invited to take part in various activities. The Top Levels of Management should offer co-partnership for better achievement of objectives or goals.

Continuous Supervision:
Another important principle is Continuous Supervision which is for the subordinates & junior staffs for better performance and understanding of given directions.

Develops Subordinates:
According to this principle subordinates should be given enough opportunities and facilities for developments. When proper arrangement is made for training and other activities, the employees get motivated and look for better job performances and rewards.  Their personal interest and whole hearted effort gives positive result towards the achievement of organizational goals.




0 comments:

Post a Comment